Each spring, ice blocks drift down from the arctic into an area known as “Iceberg Alley,” off the coast of Newfoundland and Labrador.
One of the first massive icebergs of the season looks grounded in shallow water, just off the coast of Ferryland, Canada.
Ferryland Mayor Adrian Kavanagh told the Canadian Press it could stick around for a while. “It’s the biggest one I ever seen around here,” Kavanaugh said. “It’s in so close that people can get a good photograph of it.”
So far this season, there’s been an unusually high number of icebergs. The Canadian Press reports that 616 have already moved into the North Atlantic shipping lanes compared to 687 by the late-September season’s end last year.
Michael Mann, director of the Earth System Science Center at Pennsylvania State University, said it is possible climate change is leading to more icebergs in the shipping lanes, but wind patterns are also important.
Little-known to the world is a stunning desert oasis of Lençóis Maranhenses National Park in Maranhão, northeastern Brazil.
Endless strips of deep turquoise pools wind through sweeping white sand dunes in this 1,500-square kilometer natural wonder. The pools come from the accumulation of water from the rainfall that occurs every start of the year. The oasis is at its most spectacular between July and September when the pools are at their fullest. But by October, the desert begins to dry up and the cycle starts a new.
A variety of fishes are able to thrive in the freshwater pools which are thought to have originated from birds carrying their eggs from the sea. The national park also houses its own unique flora and fauna that have adapted to the periodical drying up of the area.
Many people are also park residents, working primarily as fishermen during the rainy season and farmers of nearby tillable land during the dry season.
We were really fascinated when we learned that all of these weather phenomena actually exist. These bizarre but spectacular natural occurrences will make your jaw drop.. well we think..
Image credit: Unknown | Brinicles are the underwater equivalent of icicles. They form beneath ice when a flow of saline water is introduced to ocean water.
2. Volcanic lightning
Image credit: Unknown | Volcanic plumes produce immense amounts of electrical charge and static. In rare cases, this can spark a violent lightning storm.
3. Sprites, Elves and Blue Jets
Image credit: extremeinstability.com | These colourful shapes are the result of electrical discharges in the atmosphere.
4. Fire Rainbows
Image credits: strangesounds.org | Fire Rainbows are formed by light reflecting from ice crystals in high level clouds. The halos are so large, they often appear parallel to the horizon.
5. White rainbows
Image credits: danielheadrick.wordpress.com | These rainbows form in fog, rather than rain. The condensation reflects little light, and as a result, the rainbow is made up of very weak colors – like white – rather than the vibrant colors of a traditional rainbow
6. Fire Whirls
Image credit: Unknown | Fire whirls are whirlwinds of flame. They occur when intense heat and turbulent wind conditions combine.
7. Catatumbo Lightning
Image credit: Unknown | At the mouth of the Catatumbo River in Venezuela, a very unique mass of storm clouds swirl, creating the rare spectacle known as Catatumbo lightning. The storm occurs up to 160 nights a year, 10 hours per day and 280 times an hour.
Image credit: unknown | Moonbows are rainbows produced by light reflected off the surface of the moon, rather than the sun. Due to the small amount of light reflected off the moon, moonbows are quite faint.
Image credit: unknown | A glory is an optical phenomenon, similar to a rainbow, that resembles a halo. It occurs when light tunnels through air inside rain droplets and emit the light backwards. Yes, that’s as crazy as it sounds
Image credits: Unknown | Waterspouts are vortexes, which occur over a body of water. No water is sucked in and the sprout is made entirely from water given off by condensation.
11. Morning Glory
Image credit: unknown | Morning Glory clouds are incredibly rare, so much so, that we don’t know what causes them. They’re most commonly seen at fall in the small town of Burketown in Australia.
12. Lenticular Clouds
Image credit: netdost.com | Lenticular clouds are lens-shaped clouds that form when moist air flows over a mountain and piles into large and layered clouds. Due to their strange shape, these clouds are often mistaken for UFOs.
Image credit: summitpost.org | Penitentes are tall, thin blades of hardened snow and ice that form at high altitudes. At such a height, the sun’s rays are able to turn ice into water vapor without melting it first. Some areas randomly turn into vapor more quickly than others, forming depressions in the smooth surface. Over time, they transform into jagged fields which face the same direction as the sun.
Image credits: susanspiritusgallery.com | Supercells are the rarest and most dangerous type of storms. While they are formed just like other storms, the vertical rotation of their updraft means that they can sustain themselves for far longer.
15. Frost Flowers
Image credits: unknown | Frost flowers are formed when sap in the stem of plants freezes and expands, cracking the stem. Water then draws through the cracks and freezes upon contact with the air, eventually forming exquisite patterns.
16. Sun Dogs
Image credit: Robert Rosing, National Geographic | Sun dogs are an atmospheric phenomenon that occur when ice crystals cause light to appear brighter when the sun is at a certain angle
17. Mammatus Clouds
Image credits: netdost.com | Mammatus clouds are cloud pouches that form and hang underneath the base of a cloud. When air and clouds holding different levels of moisture mix, the heavier one sinks below the lighter.
18. Snow Donuts
Image credits: unknown | Snow donuts are formed when chunks of snow are blown along the ground by wind, picking up material along the way. The inner layers are weak and can easily blow away, leaving a donut.
19. Belt of Venus
Image credits: unknown | The Belt of Venus is a pink glowing arch seen across the sky when the shadow of the Earth’s translucent atmosphere casts a shadow back upon itself.
20. Asperatus Clouds
Asperatus Clouds were only classified in 2009. As a result, we know little about them other than the fact that they look amazing.